GCSE Latin 9-1 (J282/01) Vocabulary List


GCSE Latin 9-1 (J282/01) Vocabulary List

LatinInfoTypeEnglish
a, ab + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositionfrom, away from, by (as prefix = away)
absumabesse, afuiverb irregularbe absent, be away, be distant from
ac, atque indeclinableconjunctionand
accidoaccidere, accidiverb 3happen
accipioaccipere, accepi, acceptusverb 3accept, take in, receive
ad+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositionto, towards, at
adeoindeclinableadverbso much, so greatly, to such an extent
adsumadesse, adfuiverb irregularbe here, be present
advenioadvenire, adveniverb 4arrive
aedificoaedificare, aedificavi, aedificatusverb 1build
ageragri, mnoun 2field
agoagere, egi, actusverb 3do, act, drive
alii … aliisome … others
aliusalia, aliudpronoun/adjectiveother, another, else
alteraltera, alterumpronoun/adjectivethe other, another, one (of two), the second (of two)
altusalta, altumadjectivehigh, deep
ambuloambulare, ambulaviverb 1walk
amicusamici, mnoun 2friend
amoamare, amavi, amatusverb 1love, like
amoramoris, mnoun 3love
ancillaancillae, fnoun 1slave-girl, slave-woman
animusanimi, mnoun 2spirit, soul, mind
annusanni, mnoun 2year
anteaindeclinableadverbbefore
appropinquoappropinquare, appropinquavi + dativeverb 1approach, come near to
aquaaquae, fnoun 1water
armaarmorum, n pluralnoun 2 pluralarms, weapons
arsartis, fnoun 3art, skill
ascendoascendere, ascendi, ascensusverb 3climb
audaxaudacisadjectivebold, daring
audeoaudere, ausus sumverb 2dare
audioaudire, audivi, auditusverb 4hear, listen to
auferoauferre, abstuli, ablatusverb irregulartake away, carry off, steal
auxiliumauxilii, nnoun 2help
bellumbelli, nnoun 2war
beneindeclinableadverbwell
bibobibere, bibiverb 3drink
bonusbona, bonumadjectivegood
brevisbreveadjectiveshort, brief
cadocadere, cecidi, casusverb 3fall
caelumcaeli, nnoun 2sky, heaven
capiocapere, cepi, captusverb 3take, catch, capture, make (a plan)
captivuscaptivi, mnoun 2captive, prisoner
caputcapitis, nnoun 3head
castracastrorum, n pluralnoun 2camp
celerceleris, celereadjectivequick, fast
celocelare, celavi, celatusverb 1hide
cenacenae, fnoun 1dinner, meal
cetericeterae, ceteraadjectivethe rest, the others
cibuscibi, mnoun 2food
circum+ accusativeprepositionaround
civiscivis, m and fnoun 3citizen
clamoclamare, clamavi, clamatusverb 1shout
clamorclamoris, mnoun 3shout, shouting, noise
clarusclara, clarumadjectivefamous, clear
coepicoepisseverb irregularbegan
cogitocogitare, cogitavi, cogitatusverb 1think, consider
cognoscocognoscere, cognovi, cognitusverb 3get to know, find out
cogocogere, coegi, coactusverb 3force, compel
comescomitis, m and fnoun 3comrade, companion
conficioconficere, confeci, confectusverb 3finish, wear out
conorconari, conatus sum verb 1 deponenttry
consiliumconsilii, nnoun 2plan, idea, advice
conspicioconspicere, conspexi, conspectusverb 3catch sight of, notice
constituoconstituere, constitui, constitutusverb 3decide
consulconsulis, mnoun 3consul
consumoconsumere, consumpsi, consumptusverb 3eat
contra+ accusativeprepositionagainst
convenioconvenire, conveniverb 4come together, gather, meet
copiaecopiarum, f pluralnoun 1 pluralforces, troops
corpuscorporis, nnoun 3body
crasindeclinableadverbtomorrow
credocredere, credidi, creditus + dativeverb 3believe, trust
crudeliscrudeleadjectivecruel
cum+ ablativeprepositionwith
cumindeclinableconjunctionwhen, since
cupiocupere, cupivi, cupitusverb 3want, desire
cur?indeclinableadverbwhy?
curacurae, fnoun 1care, worry
currocurrere, cucurri, cursusverb 3run
custodiocustodire, custodivi, custoditusverb 4guard
custoscustodis, m and fnoun 3guard
de+ ablativeprepositionfrom, down from, about
deadeae, fnoun 1goddess
debeodebere, debui, debitusverb 2owe, ought, should, must
defendodefendere, defendi, defensusverb 3defend
deindeindeclinableadverbthen
deleodelere, delevi, deletusverb 2destroy
descendodescendere, descendi, descensusverb 3go down, come down
deusdei, mnoun 2god
dicodicere, dixi, dictusverb 3say, speak, tell
diesdiei, mnoun 5day
difficilisdifficileadjectivedifficult
diligensdiligentisadjectivecareful
dirusdira, dirumadjectivedreadful
discedodiscedere, discessiverb 3depart, leave
diuindeclinableadverbfor a long time
dodare, dedi, datusverb 1give
doceodocere, docui, doctusverb 2teach
dominadominae, fnoun 1mistress
dominusdomini, mnoun 2master
domusdomus, f (domi = at home)noun 4home
donumdoni, nnoun 2gift, present
dormiodormire, dormiviverb 4sleep
ducoducere, duxi, ductusverb 3lead, take
dumindeclinableconjunctionwhile, until
duxducis, mnoun 3leader
e, ex + ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositionfrom, out of, out
ecce!indeclinableadverblook!
effugioeffugere, effugiverb 3escape
egomeipronounI, me
egredioregredi, egressus sumverb 3 deponentgo out
emoemere, emi, emptusverb 3buy
enimindeclinableconjunctionfor
eoire, i(v)iverb irregulargo
epistulaepistulae, fnoun 1letter
equusequi, mnoun 2horse
etindeclinableconjunctionand, even
et ... etindeclinableboth ... and
etiamindeclinableadverbalso, even
exercitusexercitus, mnoun 4army
exspectoexspectare, exspectavi, exspectatusverb 1wait for, expect
facilisfacileadjectiveeasy
faciofacere, feci, factusverb 3make, do
faveofavere, favi, fautus + dativeverb 2favour, support
felixfelicisadjectivefortunate, happy
feminafeminae, fnoun 1woman
feroferre, tuli, latusverb irregularbring, carry, bear
feroxferocisadjectivefierce, ferocious
festinofestinare, festinaviverb 1hurry
fidelisfideleadjectivefaithful, loyal
filiafiliae, fnoun 1daughter
filiusfilii, mnoun 2son
flumenfluminis, nnoun 3river
forteindeclinableadverbby chance
fortisforteadjectivebrave
forumfori, nnoun 2forum, market place
fraterfratris, mnoun 3brother
frustraindeclinableadverbin vain
fugiofugere, fugiverb 3run away, flee
gaudeogaudere, gavisus sumverb 2be pleased, rejoice
gaudiumgaudii, nnoun 2joy, pleasure
gensgentis, fnoun 3family, tribe, race, people
gerogerere, gessi, gestusverb 3wear (clothes), wage (war)
gladiusgladii, mnoun 2sword
gravisgraveadjectiveheavy, serious
habeohabere, habui, habitusverb 2have, hold
habitohabitare, habitavi, habitatusverb 1live
heriindeclinableadverbyesterday
hichaec, hocpronounthis, he, she, it
hodieindeclinableadverbtoday
homohominis, mnoun 3man, human being
horahorae, fnoun 1hour
hortorhortari, hortatus sumverb 1 deponentencourage, urge
hortushorti, mnoun 2garden
hostishostis, mnoun 3enemy
iaceoiacere, iacuiverb 2lie
iacioiacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)verb 3throw
iamindeclinableadverbnow, already
ianuaianuae, fnoun 1door
ibiindeclinableadverbthere
idemeadem, idempronounthe same
igiturindeclinableadverbtherefore, and so
illeilIa, illudpronounthat, he, she, it
imperatorimperatoris, mnoun 3emperor, general, leader
imperiumimperii, nnoun 2empire, power, command
imperoimperare, imperavi, imperatus + dativeverb 1order, command
in+ ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositionin, on
in+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositioninto, onto
incendoincendere, incendi, incensusverb 3burn, set on fire
infelixinfelicisadjectiveunlucky, unhappy
ingensingentisadjectivehuge
ingredioringredi, ingressus sumverb 3 deponententer
inimicusinimici, mnoun 2enemy
inquitverb irregularhe/she says, he/she said
insulainsulae, fnoun 1island, block of flats
intellegointellegere, intellexi, intellectusverb 3understand, realise
inter+ accusativeprepositionamong, between
intereaindeclinableadverbmeanwhile
interficiointerficere, interfeci, interfectusverb 3kill
introintrare, intravi, intratusverb 1enter
invenioinvenire, inveni, inventusverb 4find
invitoinvitare, invitavi, invitatusverb 1invite
ipseipsa, ipsumpronounhimself, herself, itself, themselves
irairae, fnoun 1anger
iratusirata, iratumadjectiveangry
isea, idpronounthis, that, he, she, it, them
itaindeclinableadverbin this way, to such an extent, so
itaqueindeclinableadverband so, therefore
iteritineris, nnoun 3journey
iterumindeclinableadverbagain
iubeoiubere, iussi, iussusverb 2order
iuvenisiuvenis, mnoun 3young man
laborlaboris, mnoun 3work, toil
laborolaborare, laboraviverb 1work, toil
lacrimolacrimare, lacrimaviverb 1weep, cry
laetuslaeta, laetumadjectivehappy
laudolaudare, laudavi, laudatusverb 1praise
legiolegionis, fnoun 3legion
legolegere, legi, lectusverb 3read, choose
lentuslenta, lentumadjectiveslow
libenterindeclinableadverbwillingly, gladly
liberlibri, mnoun 2book
liberiliberorum, m pluralnoun 2children
liberoliberare, liberavi, liberatusverb 1set free
libertusliberti, mnoun 2freedman, ex-slave
locusloci, mnoun 2place
longuslonga, longumadjectivelong
loquorloqui, locutus sumverb 3 deponentspeak, talk
luxlucis, fnoun 3light, daylight
magnusmagna, magnumadjectivebig, large, great
malomalle, maluiverb irregularprefer
malusmala, malumadjectiveevil, bad
maneomanere, mansiverb 2remain, stay
manusmanus, fnoun 4hand, group of people
maremaris, nnoun 3sea
maritusmariti, mnoun 2husband
matermatris, fnoun 3mother
maximeindeclinableadverbvery greatly
mediusmedia, mediumadjectivemiddle
meusmea, meumpronounmy
milesmilitis, mnoun 3soldier
minimeindeclinableadverbvery little, least, no
mirormirari, miratus sumverb 1 deponentwonder at, admire
misermisera, miserumadjectivemiserable, wretched, sad
mittomittere, misi, missusverb 3send
modusmodi, mnoun 2manner, way, kind
moneomonere, monui, monitusverb 2warn, advise
monsmontis, mnoun 3mountain
moriormori, mortuus sumverb 3 deponentdie
morsmortis, fnoun 3death
moveomovere, movi, motusverb 2move
moxindeclinableadverbsoon
multoindeclinableadverbmuch
multusmulta, multumadjectivemuch, many
murusmuri, mnoun 2wall
namindeclinableconjunctionfor
narronarrare, narravi, narratusverb 1tell, relate
nautanautae, mnoun 1sailor
navigonavigare, navigaviverb 1sail
navisnavis, fnoun 3ship
-neindeclinableparticle(introduces question)
neindeclinable + subjunctiveconjunctionthat ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
nec, nequeindeclinableconjunctionand not, nor, neither
neconecare, necavi, necatusverb 1kill
nemoneminisnoun irregularno one, nobody
nescionescire, nesciviverb 4not know
nihilindeclinablenoun irregularnothing
nisiindeclinableconjunctionunless, except
nolonolle, noluiverb irregularnot want, refuse
nomennominis, nnoun 3name
nonindeclinableadverbnot
nonne …?indeclinableadverbsurely ... ?
nonnullinonnullae, nonnullaadjectivesome, several
nosnostrumpronounwe, us
nosternostra, nostrumpronounour
novusnova, novumadjectivenew
noxnoctis, fnoun 3night
nullusnulla, nullumadjectivenot any, no
numindeclinableparticlewhether
num ... ?indeclinableparticlesurely … not? whether
numquamindeclinableadverbnever
nuncindeclinableadverbnow
nuntionuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatusverb 1announce, report
nuntiusnuntii, mnoun 2messenger, message, news
occidooccidere, occidi, occisusverb 3kill
offeroofferre, obtuli, oblatusverb irregularoffer
olimindeclinableadverbonce, some time ago
omnisomneadjectiveall, every
opprimoopprimere, oppressi, oppressusverb 3crush, overwhelm
oppugnooppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatusverb 1attack
oroorare, oravi, oratusverb 1beg
ostendoostendere, ostendi, ostentusverb 3show
paeneindeclinableadverbalmost, nearly
paroparare, paravi, paratusverb 1prepare, provide
parspartis, fnoun 3part
parvusparva, parvumadjectivesmall
paterpatris, mnoun 3father
patiorpati, passus sumverb 3 deponentsuffer, endure
patriapatriae, fnoun 1country, homeland
paucipaucae, paucaadjective pluralfew, a few
paxpacis, fnoun 3peace
pecuniapecuniae, fnoun 1money
pellopellere, pepuli, pulsusverb 3drive
per+ accusativeprepositionthrough, along
pereoperire, periiverb irregulardie, perish
periculumpericuli, nnoun 2danger
persuadeopersuadere, persuasi + dativeverb 2persuade
perterritusperterrita, perterritumadjectiveterrified
pespedis, mnoun 3foot
petopetere, petivi, petitusverb 3make for, seek, beg/ask for
poenapoenae, fnoun 1punishment
poenas dopay the penalty, be punished
ponoponere, posui, positusverb 3put, place, set up
portaportae, fnoun 1gate
portoportare, portavi, portatusverb 1carry, bear, take
possumposse, potuiverb irregularcan, be able
post+ accusativeprepositionafter, behind
posteaindeclinableadverbafterwards
postquamindeclinableconjunctionafter, when
postridieindeclinableadverbon the next day
praemiumpraemii, nnoun 2prize, reward, profit
primoindeclinableadverbat first
primusprima, primumadjectivefirst
princepsprincipis, mnoun 3chief, emperor
pro+ ablativeprepositionin front of, for, in return for
procedoprocedere, processiverb 3advance, proceed
proeliumproelii, nnoun 2battle
proficiscorproficisci, profectus sumverb 3 deponentset out
progrediorprogredi, progressus sumverb 3 deponentadvance
promittopromittere, promisi, promissusverb 3promise
prope+ accusativeprepositionnear
propter+ accusativeprepositionon account of, because of
proximusproxima, proximumadjectivenearest, next to
puellapuellae, fnoun 1girl
puerpueri, mnoun 2boy
pugnopugnare, pugnaviverb 1fight
pulcherpulchra, pulchrumadjectivebeautiful, handsome
puniopunire, punivi, punitusverb 4punish
putoputare, putavi, putatusverb 1think
quaeroquaerere, quaesivi, quaesitusverb 3search for, look for, ask
qualis?qualeadjectivewhat sort of?
quam+ superlative adverbas … as possible
quamindeclinableadverbthan, how … ? how … !
quamquamindeclinableconjunctionalthough
quando?indeclinableadverbwhen?
quantus?quanta? quantum?adjectivehow big? how much?
-queindeclinableconjunctionand
quiquae, quodpronounwho, which
quidamquaedam, quoddampronounone, a certain, some
quis?quid?pronounwho? what?
quo?indeclinableadverbto where?
quodindeclinableconjunctionbecause
quomodo?indeclinableadverbhow?
quoqueindeclinableconjunctionalso, too
quot?indeclinableadjectivehow many?
rapiorapere, rapui, raptusverb 3seize, grab
re-(prefix used with verbs)prefix- back
reddoreddere, reddidi, redditusverb 3give back, restore
redeoredire, rediiverb irregulargo back, come back, return
referoreferre, rettuli, relatusverb irregularbring/carry back, report, tell
reginareginae, fnoun 1queen
regnumregni, nnoun 2kingdom
regoregere, rexi, rectusverb 3rule
regrediorregredi, regressus sumverb 3 deponentgo back, return
relinquorelinquere, reliqui, relictusverb 3leave, leave behind
resrei, fnoun 5thing, matter, event
resistoresistere, restiti + dativeverb 3resist
respondeorespondere, respondi, responsusverb 2reply
rexregis, mnoun 3king
rideoridere, risiverb 2laugh, smile
rogorogare, rogavi, rogatusverb 1ask, ask for
RomaRomae, f (Romae: at/in Rome)noun 1Rome
RomanusRomana, RomanumadjectiveRoman
sacersacra, sacrumadjectivesacred
saepeindeclinableadverboften
saevussaeva, saevumadjectivesavage, cruel
salutosalutare, salutavi, salutatusverb 1greet
sanguissanguinis, mnoun 3blood
scelestusscelesta, scelestumadjectivewicked
scelussceleris, nnoun 3crime
scioscire, scivi, scitusverb 4know
scriboscribere, scripsi, scriptusverb 3write
sesuipronounhimself, herself, itself, themselves
sedindeclinableconjunctionbut
sedeosedere, sediverb 2sit
semperindeclinableadverbalways
senatorsenatoris, mnoun 3senator
senexsenis, mnoun 3old man
sentiosentire, sensi, sensusverb 4feel, notice
sequorsequi, secutus sumverb 3 deponentfollow
servoservare, servavi, servatusverb 1save, protect, keep
servusservi, mnoun 2slave
siindeclinableconjunctionif
sicindeclinableadverbthus, in this way
silvasilvae, fnoun 1wood
simulindeclinableadverbat the same time
simulac, simulatque indeclinableconjunctionas soon as
sine+ ablativeprepositionwithout
soleosolere, solitus sumverb 2be accustomed
solussola, solumadjectivealone, lonely, only, on one's own
spectospectare, spectavi, spectatusverb 1look at, watch
sperosperare, speravi, speratusverb 1hope, expect
spesspei, fnoun 5hope
statimindeclinableadverbat once, immediately
stostare, stetiverb 1stand
stultusstulta, stultumadjectivestupid, foolish
sub+ accusative/ablativeprepositionunder, beneath
subitoindeclinableadverbsuddenly
sumesse, fuiverb irregularbe
summussumma, summumadjectivehighest, greatest, top (of)
superosuperare, superavi, superatusverb 1overcome, overpower
surgosurgere, surrexiverb 3get up, stand up, rise
suussua, suumpronounhis, her, its, their (own)
tabernatabernae, fnoun 1shop, inn
taceotacere, tacui, tacitusverb 2be silent, be quiet
talistaleadjectivesuch, of such a kind
tamindeclinableadverbso
tamenindeclinableadverbhowever
tandemindeclinableadverbat last, finally
tantustanta, tantumadjectiveso great, such a great
tempestastempestatis, fnoun 3storm
templumtempli, nnoun 2temple
tempustemporis, nnoun 3time
teneotenere, tenui, tentusverb 2hold
terraterrae, fnoun 1ground, land, country
terreoterrere, terrui, territusverb 2frighten
timeotimere, timuiverb 2fear, be afraid
tollotollere, sustuli, sublatusverb 3raise, lift up, hold up
totindeclinableadjectiveso many
totustota, totumadjectivewhole
tradotradere, tradidi, traditusverb 3hand over, hand down
trahotrahere, traxi, tractusverb 3drag
trans+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)prepositionacross
trististristeadjectivesad
tutuipronounyou (singular)
tumindeclinableadverbthen
turbaturbae, fnoun 1crowd
tuustua, tuumpronounyour (singular), yours
ubiindeclinableadverbwhere? where, when
umquamindeclinableadverbever
unde?indeclinableadverbfrom where?
urbsurbis, fnoun 3city
utindeclinable + subjunctiveconjunctionthat, so that, in order that
utindeclinable + indicativeconjunctionas, when
uxoruxoris, fnoun 3wife
validusvalida, validumadjectivestrong
vehementerindeclinableadverbviolently, loudly
vendovendere, vendidi, venditusverb 3sell
veniovenire, veni verb 4come
verbumverbi, n noun 2word
vertovertere, verti, versusverb 3turn
vestervestra, vestrum pronounyour (plural), yours
viaviae, fnoun 1street, road, way
victoriavictoriae, fnoun 1victory
videovidere, vidi, visusverb 2see
videorvideri, visus sumverb 2 deponentseem, appear
villavillae, fnoun 1house, country villa
vincovincere, vici, victusverb 3conquer, win, be victorious
vinumvini, nnoun 2wine
virviri, mnoun 2man
virtusvirtutis, fnoun 3courage, virtue
vitavitae, fnoun 1life
vivovivere, vixiverb 3live, be alive
vocovocare, vocavi, vocatusverb 1call
volovelle, voluiverb irregularwant, wish, be willing
vosvestrumpronounyou (plural)
voxvocis, fnoun 3voice, shout
vulnerovulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratusverb 1wound, injure
vulnusvulneris, nnoun 3wound