GCSE Latin: Subjunctive Passive Imperfect


Imperfect Subjunctive (Passive)

The imperfect passive subjunctive is only used in subordinate clauses at GCSE. How it is translated depends on the type of subordinate clause in question:

Result Clause portarer I was carried / was being carried
cum Clause portarer I was carried / was being carried
Indirect Question portarer I was carried / was being carried
Fearing Clause portarer I would / might be carried
Purpose Clause portarer I would / might be carried or (in order) to be carried
Indirect Command portarer to be carried

The imperfect passive subjunctive uses the present (active) infinitive as its stem, e.g. portare-, and the standard passive personal endings: -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur.

Imperfect Tense (Subjunctive Passive)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portare-r monere-r regere-r audire-r capere-r
2nd portare-ris monere-ris regere-ris audire-ris capere-ris
3rd portare-tur monere-tur regere-tur audire-tur capere-tur
plural 1st portare-mur monere-mur regere-mur audire-mur capere-mur
2nd portare-mini monere-mini regere-mini audire-mini capere-mini
3rd portare-ntur monere-ntur regere-ntur audire-ntur capere-ntur