GCSE Latin: Subjunctive Active Pluperfect


Pluperfect Subjunctive (Active)

The pluperfect subjunctive is only used in a couple of subordinate clauses at GCSE: Indirect Questions and cum Clauses. It is translated just like the indicative pluperfect tense, i.e. using the auxillary verb had.

cum Clause portavissem I had carried
Indirect Question portavissem I had carried

The pluperfect subjunctive uses the perfect infinitive as the stem, e.g. portavisse-, and the standard active personal endings: -m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt.

Pluperfect Tense (Subjunctive Active)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portavisse-m monuisse-m rexisse-m audivisse-m cepisse-m
2nd portavisse-s monuisse-s rexisse-s audivisse-s cepisse-s
3rd portavisse-t monuisse-t rexisse-t audivisse-t cepisse-t
plural 1st portavisse-mus monuisse-mus rexisse-mus audivisse-mus cepisse-mus
2nd portavisse-tis monuisse-tis rexisse-tis audivisse-tis cepisse-tis
3rd portavisse-nt monuisse-nt rexisse-nt audivisse-nt cepisse-nt