GCSE Latin: Verbs Overview


Verbs

A verb expresses an action or state.

Latin verbs change their endings according to mood, voice, tense, person and number.

Verbs are grouped according to the forms of these changes. A verb group is called a conjugation. There are four main conjugations (1st-4th) and a pseudo-conjugation (sometimes called “5th,” “mixed” or “3rd/4th”). Verbs which fit into one of these conjugations are called regular verbs.

There are a small number of irregular verbs in Latin. The forms of these verbs need to be known especially well, since they appear frequently.

Verb Properties

Mood: indicative
subjunctive
imperative
Voice: active
passive
Tense: present
future
imperfect
perfect
pluperfect
Person: 1st
2nd
3rd
Number: singular
plural

Verbals

Verbals are nouns and adjectives derived from verbs. They can have some properties of a verb (e.g. tense and voice) but are not constrained by person or mood (and so are also known as non-finite verbs).

Verbal: infinitive (noun)
participle (adjective)
gerundive (adjective)