GCSE Latin: Comparative Adjectives


Comparative Adjectives

There are multiple ways to translate a comparative adjective from Latin into English, for example:

laetior happier
more happy
quite happy
too happy

Only the first two translations need to be learned for the GCSE Latin Language paper. They are followed by quam or the ablative of comparison, e.g.

puella fortior quam puer est.
The girl is braver than the boy.
pax crudelior bello esse potest.
Peace can be crueller than war.

The comparative adjective declines according to the 3rd Declension pattern. The m./f. nominative singular is the stem. Note the neuter nom./acc. singular ends in -ius.

Both types of adjective (2-1-2 and 3rd Declension) form their comparatives in the same way (stem + –ior).

laetior

laetior happier
m. f. (same as m.) n.
singular nom. laetior laetior laetius
acc. laetior-em laetior-em laetius
gen. laetior-is laetior-is laetior-is
dat. laetior-i laetior-i laetior-i
abl. laetior-e laetior-e laetior-e
plural nom. laetior-es laetior-es laetior-a
acc. laetior-es laetior-es laetior-a
gen. laetior-um laetior-um laetior-um
dat. laetior-ibus laetior-ibus laetior-ibus
abl. laetior-ibus laetior-ibus laetior-ibus

fortior

fortior braver
m. f. (same as m.) n.
singular nom. fortior fortior fortius
acc. fortior-em fortior-em fortius
gen. fortior-is fortior-is fortior-is
dat. fortior-i fortior-i fortior-i
abl. fortior-e fortior-e fortior-e
plural nom. fortior-es fortior-es fortior-a
acc. fortior-es fortior-es fortior-a
gen. fortior-um fortior-um fortior-um
dat. fortior-ibus fortior-ibus fortior-ibus
abl. fortior-ibus fortior-ibus fortior-ibus